1865 WILDER Breast Pump Art 18924
Patented May 1886
A M.PHOTC1T HO. CO. N.Y. (OSBORNE’S PROCESS.)
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
C. H. WILDER OF ARGYLE WISCONSIN. IMPROVEMENT IN BREASTPUMPS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. GO dated May 16 1865.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I C. H. WILDER of Argyle in the county of Lafayette and
State of Wisconsin have invented a new and Improved Breast Pump and I do
hereby declare that the following is a full clear and exact description
thereof which will enable others skilled ill the art to make and use the
same reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part of
this specification in which
Figure 1 is a longitudinal central section of this invention. Fig. 2 is a
plan or top view of the same.
Similar letters of reference indicate like parts.
This invention consists in the application to the mouth of ‘a breast pump
of a supporting screen in such a manner that the air is brought to act
direct upon the end of the nipple and upon every natural course through
which the milk can be drawn and all undue strain on any part of said
nipple is avoided.
The invention consists further in the employment or use of an extension
piece in combination with the supporting screen applied to the end of the
suction pipe of a breast pump in such a manner that the instrument can be
accommodated to nipples of different length by adjusting the extension
piece and that the pump can be operated without pain in all cases.
A represents the elastic or India rubber bulb which forms the working part
of an ordinary breast pump and which is secured to the end of the suction
pipe B by a cord or any other suitable means in the usual manner. The
outer end of the suction pipe is covered by a screen which may be made of
wire gauze or any other suitable material separate and distinct from the
pipe or it may be made solid with said pipe and perforated with small
holes. This screen is made concave to correspond to the end of the nipples
with which it comes in contact and when the pump is in operation it
supports the nipple and causes the air to act direct upon the end of the
nipple and upon every natural course through which the milk can be drawn.
The mouthpiece D of the suction pipe is attached to said pipe so that it
can be extended and adjusted in relation to the supporting screen
according to the size of the nipple on which the pump is intended to
operate. Said mouthpiece may either be arranged so that it will slide in
and out on. the end of the suction pipe or it may be applied with a screw
thread or in any other suitable manner which will allow of elongating or
shortening said mouthpiece. If it is made to slide in and out suitable
packing of India rubber or other substance or material mast be applied to
rend the joint airtight.
In order to operate the pump it is applied to the breast in the ordinary
manner and the month piece is drawn out until the nipple just touches the
supporting screen. When the pump is put in operation the nipple draws out
gradually and the mouthpiece is elongated as much as can be done without
By the supporting screen the trouble of a broken breast is saved to the
patient and the pump can be used to the best advantage. The screen brings
the air to act upon every natural course through which the milk can be
drawn and the pump can be easily adjusted to nipples of different size.
This attachment to a breast pump is cheap simple not liable to get out of
order and it increases the power and usefulness of the pump very
I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent
1. The application to the mouth of a breast pump of a supporting screen
constructed and operating substantially in the manner and for the purpose
2. The employment or use of an extension mouthpiece D applied in
combination with the supporting screen and with the suction pipe of a
breast pump substantially in the manner and for the purpose described.
C. H. WILDER„
J. S. WADDINGTON.
EZELL Breast Pump Suckling Art 18171
No: . PATENTED SEPT 5 1905.
U. D. EZELL
APPLICATION FILED NOV.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
UBERTO DESAIX EZELL OF KIMBALL TEXAS.
BREASTPUMP. Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Sept. 5 1905.
Application filed November 21 1904 Serial No.
To cat whom it may coitoel'it:
Be it known that I UBEBTO DESAIX EZPLL a citizen of the United States
residing at Kimball in the county of Bosque and State of Texas have
invented new and useful improvements in Breast Pumps of which the
following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in breast pumps the object of the
same being to provide a device of this character by which the suckling of
an infant may be closely simulated and the extracting action rendered more
efficient and natural and less liable to injure the secreting glands and
which may be conveniently operated by the patient or nurse or other
With these and other objects in view the invention resides in the
combination and arrangement of parts as hereinafter described and claimed
reference being had to the accompanying drawings in which Figure 1 is a
perspective view of a breastpump embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a
vertical longitudinal section of the same showing the normal and
compressed positions of the nipple manipulator in full and broken lines
and Fig. 3 is a detail perspective view of the nipple manipulator
Referring now more particularly to the drawings the numeral 1 represents a
cupshaped applicator adapted to be applied to the gland and to snugly and
easily fit the same. This applicator is preferably formed of rubber and is
provided upon its convex side with an outwardly projecting neck or sleeve
2 preferably of pyramidal form and corn posed of rubber or other suitable
elastic material. This neck or sleeve receives the outer end or throat 3
of an extracting tube 4 which is connected at its outer end to an
extractor 5. The throat 3 conforms in contour to the shape of the neck or
sleeve 2—that is the said throat is substantially of pyramidal form—so
that its upper and lower sides will conform to the flare of the
corresponding portions of the neck or sleeve 2 and extend parallel
therewith in order to enable the nipple manipulating device to be inserted
for operation as hereinafter described.
The extractor 5 comprises a pump cylinder 6 having a tapered inner end 7
over which is fitted the inner enlarged or flared end 8 of the extracting.
tube 4 thus detachably connecting the pump to said tube. In th6 cylinder 6
is a piston 9 which is provided with suitable packing to tightly lit the
interior of said cylinder and connected to said piston is a stem 10
projecting to the exterior through a plug or cap 11 closing the outer end
of the cylinder and provided at its outer end with 6o a knob or finger
piece 12 whereby it may be operated to reciprocate the piston in the
cylinder for extracting purposes. The stern 10 is screw threaded
substantially throughout its entire length and on the outer end of the
stem is a stop disk or head 13 having an internally screw threaded bore to
fit the threads on the stem and adapt said disk to be adjusted thereon to
limit the inward movement of the piston. By the provision of this stop
disk the piston when drawn out to create a vacuum in the cylinder and
extracting tube to effect the extraction of milk from the gland may be
locked or held immovable at the outer end of the cylinder by adjusting the
stop disk on the screw threads of the stem until said disk abuts against
the cap or plug 11. When the device is applied for use it will be
understood that the outward movement of the piston effects the extraction
of the secretion which may be so removed from the pump cylinder by
detaching the pump from the extracting tube 4.
In order to render the extracting action more efficient and natural and
less liable to injure the gland a nipple manipulating device is provided
which may be operated simultaneously with the extractor to simulate as
closely as possible the suckling action of the lips of the infant on the
nipple. This device comprises a pair of lips or fingers 11 90 which are
disposed between the upper and lower flaring sides of the neck or sleeve 2
and the corresponding adjacent sides of the throat 3 and are formed with
outwardly bent or divergent ends 15 which closely conform to the contour
of the inner end of the neck or sleeve 2 at its junction with the cup 1
and are adapted to be moved toward and from one another to compress and
release the nipple and thereby simulate the natural action of the lips of
the child. The lips or fingers extend rearwardly beyond the throat 3 and
are connected to operating levers 17 which extend at an outward angle or
in divergent relation beyond the neck 2 on opposite sides of the
extracting tube 4 and terminate at their outer ends in finger pieces 18 by
which they may be compressed to the dotted line position shown in Fig. 2
to expand the lips or fingers. The lips or lingers are normally retained
in closed position that is in the adjacent position shown in Fig. 2 in
which they are adapted to effect the compression of the nipple by the
elasticity or resiliency of the upper and lower flaring sides of the
pyramidal neck or sleeve 2 which also operate to maintain the levers in
the divergent relation shown in said figure. The levers are provided at
their forward ends with ears 19 which are connected by suitable pivot pins
20 by which they are mounted to have relative swinging movement to operate
the lips 14. When the levers are pressed by the action of the fingers on
the finger pieces 18 to the dotted line position shown in Fig. 2 the lips
14 are forced apart and the sides of the neck or sleeve 2 expanded to
accommodate this movement. This action of the fingers releases the nipple
as will be readily understood and compression of the nipple is effected by
releasing the levers so that the lips will be retracted by the resilient
action of the sides of the neck or sleeve in returning to their normal
positions. By thus alternately compressing and releasing the levers the
lips will be alternately expanded and contracted or closed together so
that the nipple will be compressed and released in a manner readily
understood to simulate the natural action of the infant in extracting the
In the operation of the device the cup or applicator 1 is applied to the
gland and the lips expanded to engage the nipple and simultaneously with
the operation of the levers to force the lips apart the pump piston 9 is
operated to extract the fluid. This operation 35 is continued until the
cylinder 6 is filled where upon the stop disk 13 is adjusted on the piston
stem to hold the piston against inward movement. The pump may then be
detached to discharge the extracted fluid as will be 40 readily
In practice the pumpcylinder and piston may be made of vulcanite fiber or
of glass or of any other suitable material to serve the purpose. From the
foregoing description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings
the construction and mode of operation of the device will be readily
understood and it will I be seen that it provides an extracting apparatus
which is simple of construction efficient 1 in use and capable of being
readily cleansed and which further simulates the natural extracting action
to a marked extent.
Having thus described the invention what is claimed as new is
1. In a device of the character described the combination of an applicator
nipple manipulating fingers means for operating said fingers and an
extractor in communication with the applicator.
2. In a device of the character described an applicator having a neck or
sleeve adapted to expand and contract an extractor having a throat
communicating therewith nipple manipulating fingers extending through the
neck or sleeve into the applicator.
Back to home page
back to top of page
Milk Catcher for Nursing Women Patent 13012
(No Model.) L. E. PATTEE
MILK CATCHER FOR NURSING WOMEN.
No. Patented Apr. 8 1884.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
LYDIA EMELINE PATTEE OF SMITH CENTRE KANSAS.
MILK-CATCHER FOR NURSING-WOMEN.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. dated April 8 1884.
Application filed July 20 1883. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern
Be it known that I LYDIA EMELINE PATTEE a citizen of the United States
residing at Smith Centre in the county of Smith and State of
5 Kansas have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Milk-Catchers
for Nursing-Women; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full clear
and exact description of the invention such as will enable others skilled in
the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to improvements in milk-catchers for nursing-women
and has for its objects to prevent the milk from wetting the clothing and to
improve the form. These objects are attained by the apparatus illustrated in
the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification in which
Figure 1 is an elevation taken from the side next the body. Fig. 2 is a
front elevation. Fig. 3 is a sectional view. Fig. 4 is a view showing the
milk-catchers or protectors adjusted to the person.
The letter A represents the convex side of the protector. B is the concave
side. b b' are
short straps having button-holes. e e are elastic straps passing over the
shoulders and connected to each other by the strap f. The straps e e are
provided with fiat buttons which are buttoned to the short straps b whereby
the breast - protectors are suspended. The shoulder-straps e e are attached
to the belt E at the back. e' e' are short straps having flat buttons which
are buttoned to the short straps b' b'. The lower ends of straps e' e' are
attached to the belt E whereby the breast-protectors are held down and
retained in the proper position on the body of the wearer. The belt E is
fastened by a button in front or in any other convenient manner. a is an
orfice to receive the nipple and is placed on the concave surface of the
I prefer to make the protectors of white rubber or gutta-percha the same
material of which are made the bulbs of breast-pumps and 45 the nipples of
nursery -bottles. As this is flexible it will not bruise the breast and has
this advantage over a breast- protector made of any rigid substance such as
glass; and the manner of fastening it to the body of the wearer so enables
it to be kept in place without any hard pressure on the breast.
The letter C indicates a small orifice for emptying the contents of the
breast-protector. Having described my invention what I desire to claim and
secure by Letters Patent is In a milk-catcher for nursing-women the
protector A having concave side B orifice a and orifice C made of flexible
material and provided with short button-hole straps b b' in combination with
elastic straps e e having cross-strap f and straps e' attached to the belt E
as shown and described and for the purposes set forth.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in 65 presence of two witnesses.
LYDIA EMELINE PATTEE. Witnesses:
M. A. BEAcoiu
J. N. BEACON.
1887 TUTTON Breast Pump Siphon Tube Art 18629
A. B. TUTTON.
Patented Apr. 26 1887
N. PETERS. P..LithognheN D.C.Waanngt
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ANAXIMANDER B. TUTTON OF SIOUX FALLS DAKOTA TERRITORY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. dated April 26 1887.
Application filed July 8 1886. Serial No. . (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I ANAXIMANDER B. Tutton of Sioux Falls in the county of
Minnehaha Dakota Territory have invented an Improved Breast Pump of which
the following is a specification.
My invention is in the nature of an improved breas pump.
Numerous forms of breastpumps have been devised for this purpose all of
which are more or less objectionable in consequence of their severe
mechanical action and their irregular pulsating strain. In most cases the
vacuum chamber is a compressible elastic bulb which in expanding exerts its
full suction upon the breast and this too in an intermittent manner.
In my breast pump the full force of the suction is exerted not upon the
breast alone but partly upon a waterleg or column of water and milk in a
long siphon tube which modifies its effect on the breast while the
pulsations of the bulb are broken up and rendered more like a uniform
suction the waterleg exerting a pull upon the breast in the interval of
compressing the bulb which makes the suction on the breast continuous and
prevents the nipple socket from becoming detached from the breast in said
intervals of compression of the bulb.
Figure 1 is a perspective view illustrating the application and use of my
invention and Fig. 2 is a side view partly in section of the breast pump.
In the drawings A is a bell shaped socket or cap adapted at its larger end
to fit against the breast of the woman and to inclose the nipple of that
breast. The smaller end of this socket A opens into a tube B near one end of
that tube. On the end of tube B nearest to. socket A is an elastic bulb C or
suction chain the other (or lower) end of tube B being open. The tube B is
a flexible rubber tube and when in use occupies the pendent position shown
in Fig. 1.
The manner of operation is as follows: The socket A is held against the
breast of the woman so as to inclose the nipple and with sufficient pressure
to prevent air from entering between the rim of A and the skin of the
woman's breast. The lower end of tube B is then submerged in water or other
liquid of proper temperature contained in a basin or other vessel.
The bulb C is then compressed and allowed to expand which action of
expansion sucks water (preferably warm) or other liquid from the basin into
the tube B and through it into socket A and into bulb C. The water or other
liquid thus furnished to socket A fills that socket and immerses the woman's
nipple inclosed therein. Then bulb C is alternately compressed and allowed
to expand the lower end of tube B being during the operation always
submerged in the liquid in the basin and the socket A being during the
operation always pressed against the breast with sufficient pressure to
prevent air from entering 65 socket A between its rim and the skin of the
woman's breast. It is obvious that if the socket A were a perfect bulb or
chamber or had its larger end closed with an inflexible material and were
then filled with water the tube B and the bulb C at the same time containing
water then neither the compression nor the expansion of bulb C could remove
by suction any of the water from such a bulb or chamber although the stress
of the suction would apply upon the water in such a bulb or chamber and
through the water upon the sides of the inside of such a bulb or chamber.
This principle acting in my device serves to keep socket A (when once
filled) full during the entire operation thus providing a constant immersion
of the woman's nipple in water or other fluid during the entire operation
for in my device the compression and expansion of bulb C and the flow of
water or other liquid through tube B together with the weight of the column
of water or other fluid in siphon tube B creates a suction force acting upon
the water or other liquid in socket A and through that liquid upon all parts
interior to socket A and therefore upon the nipple and ends of the
lactiferous ducts of the woman. This suction force draws milk from the
lactiferous ducts into socket A releases a corresponding quantity of water
or other liquid from socket A which flows there from into tube B and mixing
with the water or other liquid in tube B is finally discharged there from
into the basin and this operation continues as long as the device is in
position and in operation too socket A however remaining filled.
It is obvious in the operation of my device that however strong the
expansive force of bulb C may be its force acting upon the nipple and the
human parts inclosed in socket A is measured and tempered by the height of
the column of water or other liquid in tube B and this height may be
increased or diminished by lowering or raising the basin and the end of tube
B therein and this tempering of the expansive force of bulb C to suit
various degrees of tenderness in the human parts is one of the advantages of
my device. If however at any time it be desirable to allow bulb C to exert
its whole force upon the human parts it is only necessary (after compressing
Instead of the expansible and compressible bulb C) to pinch or otherwise
close tube B 1 bulb C any
other form of suctionchamber may
Having thus described my invention what I claim as new is a breastpump
consisting of a relatively long tube B a nipple socket A opening into the
same and a compressible and expansible bulb or suction chamber communicating
child is incompetent and in cases where al the nipple socket and tube at the
upper end though there is a competent child yet the of the latter the said
tube nipple socket and mother being diseased it is desirable to waste 1 bulb
being always in free and open communication without valve or obstructions to
interfere with the oscillation of the liquid column substantially as shown
and described. and while tube B is so closed to allow bulb C to expand and
this too while the woman's nipple is submerged in the water or other liquid
in socket A. Another advantage is in the use of warmth
and moisture in the operation of milking a woman where there is no child or
where the milk for the application of warmth and moisture to the nipple
closely simulates the
natural warmth and moisture of a child's mouth and brings the nipple and the
organs into the natural conditions for milk giving because such warmth and
moisture dissolves the dry accumulations of pus or fever product softens the
hardened openings and relaxes the strictured lactiferous ducts and prepares
them for the easier extraction of milk.
I am aware that other breast pumps are known and used—such for instance as
are shown in Patents Nos. and . In the first of these the valves preclude
the oscillation of the liquid column. In No. the suction chamber is at the
bottom and cannot lift or oscillate the liquid column and in No. there is no
such relation of siphon tube and suction chamber which could permit the same
action to occur as in my invention.